近7年上海中考英语作文,优秀范文,高频词句!

奥孚培优升学指导2019-10-08 14:46:19


一、英语评分标准??


上海中考英语作文总分为20分,其中内容分8分、语言分8分、组织结构分4分。

以下为上海中考英语作文官方评分标准:

1.内容分8分。内容切题,意思连贯,表达清楚完整。

2.语言分8分。学生需用语规范,表达准确,无或少见语法错误,词汇拼写正确,句型使用恰当。首先是字数,少于60字的作文要酌情扣分。

3.组织结构分4分,也就是我们常说的文采分。根据学生使用复杂句型/单词和谚语/俗语的情况来加分。


二、答题注意点


每少5个词扣0.5分,拼写错误每处扣0.5分,标点,大小写错误每2处扣0.5分? 3内容和语言表达总分达15分及以上,得2~3分? 内容和语言总分13~14分,如确有好句型或表达用语,可酌情给1~2分? 通篇句型,句式单一,词汇贫乏者,即使无语法错误,也不给分 开头句+给的几个参考点+结尾句+亮点。

先划档次:A档 18~15分? B档 14.5~12分???? C档 11.5~8分?????? D档 3.5~0分

然后再仔细批阅看有否语法错误,最后给出总分。


三、考生常出现的问题


1. 内容空洞,没有清晰的思路,表达能力不强,总是用一些不合适的句子内容来表达,所以可能让老师觉得理由或是内容太假,当然也就得不了高分。

?

2. 议论过多,描写不足。大多数情况下,我们把议论当成的作文的重点,所以常常会跑题。应当多描述提示的内容或加以想像,不能只翻译了事。


3. 总是使用同一个主语写句子,重复太多。尽量使用不同的主语来表达,比如:I must learn English well. 就可以换成:It is importantfor me to learn English well.?


4. 结构散漫,想哪儿写哪儿,乱七八糟。应该使用总分或总分总的结构。?


5. 都是简单句,缺少复合句。多用状语从句,宾语从句,定语从句及一些重要的句型,也人教版新目标初二下英语同步辅导(一)初中二年级下un...初中二年级下Un...可以用用被动语态。


6. 连词的使用较少,句子之间的连接很生硬。可以加入一些:比如: to my surprise (让我惊讶的是), what’s more(而且,还有)等,让上文与下文衔接更紧密。意思也能更流畅地表达。



四、中考写作高频使用词组、句法


1.作文开头的有用句


As we all know, As it is known to all, It’sknown to all that…? It’s common knowledgethat… It’s commonly accepted that… There is no denying that… How timeflies!? In a blink of an eye, Time flieslike a speeding arrow, Time goes like the flowing water.


2.中间分层部分的有用结构:


分正反两面论述:On one hand,? On the otherhand? 分两点:For onething,? For another,?? 分三点:Firstly,Secondly, Last but not least


3.结尾部分

?Allin all, In a word, In conclusion, In brief, In short,? To put everything in a shell, 概括的说,简单的说Last but not least?????

组织语言发表观点的 In my opinion, From my point of view, In my eyes,? As far as I am concerned, Believe it or not,

表示递进的 In addition? Furthermore? More importantly?? What’s more?Moreover?


4.其他与“我”有关的写作材料


(1)重点句型

?It`s+a. for sb.to do sth.?

So +a./ad.?that??

such a +a.+n.? that?

too…to do

Not….until?

That’s why+句子? 那是。。。的原因

It’s said that +句子?

There’s no doubt that+句子?? 毫无疑问??

It goes without saying that+句子? 毫无疑问?????

There’s no need to do?? 没必要做??

There’s no point in doing? 做某事毫无意义


(2)提建议

Had better do/not do

How/what about doing

Why not do/why don`t+句子

I think you should do?

I suggest that you should do?

If I were you, I would do 我要是你的话,我会做```

It’s best to do


(3)表示喜欢,感兴趣

Like/love/enjoy doing

Be fond of/be keen on sth.

Prefer to do A rather than do B?

Be interested in doing=show/take greatinterest in


(4)努力做

Try to do/strive to do??

Make efforts to do=make every effort to do

Try one’s best/do one’s best to do


(5)打算做/计划做

Intend to do/plan to do?????

Be going to do Decide to do?

Determine to do=be determine to do

Make up one’s mind to do


(6)表示想/希望?

Want to do=would like to do?

Hope to do

Expect to do

Wish to do

Consider doing


(7)其他有用的短语?

From now on/sooner or later/in the nearfuture?

Have positive attitude towards/enrich myknowledge/learn…by heart/?

Meet with various kinds of difficulties/face difficulties bravely/overcome the difficulties

Play an important role/part in….


(8)其他有用的句式

For the reason above, After all/As for me, Franklyspeaking/Generally speaking, Believe it or not, As a Grade Nine student, Thereasons are as follows, People’s view on…vary from person toperson? ???


?5.增添亮点使用复合句和谚语


谚语举例?

I firmly believe that “A foreignlanguage is a weapon in the struggle of life”.?

As a famous saying goes, “A manbecomes learned by asking questions.”

It’s common knowledge that the road tosuccess is not always full of roses.?

An old saying goes, “Nothing is impossibleto a willing heart.”???


五.2002-2016 上海中考英语作文题目集锦


2002?My favorite thing(s)???????????? ????我的心爱之物?

2003?To be a lovely Shanghainese????? ????做一个可爱的上海人

2004?Leave School????????????????? ????毕业时分

2005?Growing pains and gains???????? ????成长的烦恼

2006??I have a dream???????????????? ???我有一个梦?

2007?A Story about My Parent(s)??????? ???一个关于我父/母的故事

2008?Love Around Me??????????????????? 爱在我身边???

2009?I want to do something for my school???我想为我的学校做点什么

2010?I'm proud of myself?????????????????我为我自己感到自豪

2011?My Favourite Thing(s)??????????? ??我的心爱之物?

2012?If you are Joe. your friend Betty is upset because she cares too muchabout the result.???? 写给一个考试焦虑考生的一封信,并给予建议。

2013?Write at least 60 words about the topic “How to protectmyself”.(以“如何保护自己”为题,写一篇不少于60个词的短文)

2014?? This?time?next?year??????????????????? ?明年此时?

2015?I want to invent _____????????????????我想要发明……

2016?I’m ready???????????????????????????我准备好了


*更多中考各科考前冲刺复习资料可添加文末【中高考升学小助手微信】获取?


六.近7年上海中考英语真题范文分享


2009命题作文

Write at least 60 words about the topic “I want to dosomething for my school”. (以“我想为学校做件事”为题写一篇不少于60个词的短文,标点符号不占格。)

(注意:短文中不得出现任何人名、校名及其他相关信息,否则不予评分。)

Use the following points as a reference. (以下内容仅供参考)

l. What do you want to do for your school?

2. Why do you want to do it?

3. How are you going to do it?


例文1:

I want to make school clean. You may think it is very simple. But Idon't think so. Our teacher said, "School is your home, you should keep itclean." But I have never done anything to make school clean. For example,I have never told my classmate to pick up rubbish after he threw it on theground. I also threw the rubbish on the ground. So I want to make school cleanso that everyone can forgive me. During this summer holiday, I will go toschool to make school clean. Of course, I will do it with my classmates. Wewill make school clean every weekends next term as well. Now, do you think itis simple?


2 ?Iwant to do something for my school

?I'm leaving my school. I wantto plant a tree in my school garden. I have found there are too many buildingsand few trees in our school yard, so I want to make my school much greener andmore beautiful. If I plant a tree there, maybe more and more students will doas me. In their spare time, the students can read under the trees.


2010命题作文

上海中考英语作文题:I'm proud of myself

1、What kind of personare you?

2、What makes you proudof yourself(Give an example/examples)

3、Why are you proud ofyourself?

要求:至少60字


范文:1

I am a boy of less confidence. I always hate running. But as we allknow, the students of Grade nine have to take part in the sports exam. At thatmoment, I just wanted to give up. But my parents encouraged me:"impossible is nothing," "you could challenge yourself!" sowith the encouragement of them, I tried my best to run and insisted on running.When I got to the finishing line, I felt proud of myself, though I didn't getthe good mark, I knew, I won. I created a miracle for myself and I was so proudof myself!


2. I am proud of myself

The wheel of life has rolled fast through the past fifteen years. Bylooking backwards, I’m so proud of myself because I’ve grown into astrong-minded person. It was the first time for me to climb a high mountainalone. At first, I felt my body was filled with energy. As time went by,tiredness made my step slow down. For many times, the idea of giving up thejourney appeared in my mind. But the saying “Accumulated water becomes ariver.” enabled me to move on. Though the power of one step seemed so weak, Iinsisted on climbing to the top. When I succeeded, I felt I had reached a newheight in my life. How proud I’m of being a strong-minded person.?


2011话题补全式作文

Write at least 60 words about the topic“I’m a member of “

?(以“我是……的一员”为题写一篇不少于60个词的短文,标点符号不占格子”

提示:你可以作为任意兴趣小组或者社团的一员,或者作为家庭,班级,社区额的一员,写出你的经历,感受等。


Use the following points as a reference

Are you glad to be a member of ……?

What do you do in it?

How do you feel as such a member?


例文:1、I’m a Member of the Singing and Dancing ClubHello, everyone! I’mvery glad to be a member of the Singing and Dancing Club. I have been in thisclub for 2 years. I’m an actor in the club. I like singing and dancing verymuch. I sing and dance with my classmates on weekends. Though I am very tired,I like to sing and dance every day. It makes me feel very happy.


2、In this world, every family has a mother, a father, a daughter or ason. For plenty of people, families are very important .when you are very said,you can found one or two persons to make you feel happiness, this is youfamily. ? ?

?I am very gold to become myfamily member, because I have a pretty good parent and a fairly youngerbrother. When I come back, I always feel freedom and relaxed. My mother is akind cook; she has lots of experience in cooking, so my brother and I arehealthy.???

?As adaughter, I shouldn't make my parents worry .As a sister ,l should look aftermy brother .l want to be a great member of my family ,l would try my best to dowhat l should do in the family


2012书信类作文

Write a letter in at least 60 wordsaccording to the given situation(根据所给情景写一封不少于60词的信)

Suppose you are Joe. Your friend Betty isupset about a coming exam for she cares too much about the result. What do youthink? Try to offer her some advice.(假设你是Joe,你的好朋友Betty因为过于在意考试结果而感到焦虑。请给他写一封信,谈谈你的看法,并给她一些建议。


例文:1、Knowing that you care too much about the result, I am quite worried.Actually, it is no use being upset despite the importance of the result. Thereare some effective ways to calm down. Above all, keeping reminding yourself tostay in peace is the most helpful. Besides, it will help you to relax if youspare some time for recreational activities like sports. Finally, talk to yourparents and friends, who are always ready to comfort you. As is said by SteveJobs, “the journey is the reward.” I am sure you will get through thissituation.


2.Dear Betty,

?? How time flies! The exam isfinally near at hand. Important as it is to you, you really shouldn't care toomuch about the result and get yourself overly upset. Remember all the hard workyou have put in! As long as you go with a calm mind and a positive attitude,I'm sure there will be nothing difficult for you and the exam will be smoothsailing. I suggest you talk more to parents and teachers about your anxiety andtake better care of your health such as getting enough sleep and doing moreexercise. Above all, no matter what the result, all you need to do is to actmore and think less because action is worry's worst enemy. Keep faith and calmdown, and you are sure to come out with flying colors.

All the best of luck.

Yours, Joe


2013自由命题类作文

Write at least 60words about the topic “How to protect myself”.(以“如何保护自己”为题,写一篇不少于60个词的短文,标点符号不占格。)

提示:???? 自我保护是青少年需要掌握的重要技能。请谈谈你在生活中怎样进行自我保护(可结合生活中的某一个情景或具体事例,如:面对灾难如何自救,如何预防受骗或侵?害,如何避免生活中的意外,等等)。

Phrases for reference(以下短语仅供参考):

?Ask…for help calm down

?in danger ? ?prevent...from

? (注意:文中不得出现具体人名、校名等个人信息,否则不予评分)


范文1

As a student, I think it important for me to protect myself fromdangerous situations. First of all, I must calm down as soon as possible, forpanicking is of no help. Then, as is know to all, calling 119 immediately isthe most effective way to save myself. As well as that, it is best to take thestairs instead of elevators. IN conclusion, with positive attitude andsufficient preparations, I will be able to protect myself from fires.?


2:How to protectmyself

??Everyone in my family was awaked by the unusual shaking. The first wordthat came to my mind was earthquake. When I looked outside of the window, Ifound everyone running here and there, and I could hear the shouting from theneighbors. Despite the fact that I was in danger, I told myself to calm downand think about the ways to protect myself in an earthquake. I should getoutside instead of hiding inside the building. I couldn’t take the lift butwalk downstairs. No sooner had I got outside than I asked the police for help.And I should always be aware of the unexpected drop overhead. Following theseways, I managed to prevent myself from being hurt, and survived the earthquake.I believe that these are useful ways to protect myself in an earthquake.


2014年上海中考英语作文

?Write at least 60 words about the topic“This time next year” (以“明年此时”为题,

写一篇不少于60个词的短文,标点符号不占格)

你是否想象过,明年此时,你的生活会发生怎样的变化?你对自己或他人有怎样的期待?

你能为此做些什么?)

The following sentence patterns are forreference only. ( 以下句型仅供参考)

? I hope to /I hope that...

? Perhaps I will...

? It will be exciting / necessary /terrible to ...


ThisTime Next Year

? It's exciting to imaginewhat the happy life will be like.

???At thistime next year, I will be a senior high student, and I will make a lot of newfriends. I hope to be more independent so that perhaps I will be taking part ina summer camp abroad to improve my spoken English. Also I will help my parentsdo housework in order to know how to take care of myself when I am alone.

? Life will be totallydifferent, but I'm really looking forward to it.


ThisTime Next Year

???Life ischangeable, and that's why everyone longs for the future, which is full ofchallenge as well as hope.

? Perhaps I will have achievedmy goal this time next year, studying in a senior high school. Despite that,diligence will be still needed to make myself go further in English. Basically,it is important to concentrate in class and take notes carefully. Then, I willbenefit from reading English books. What is more, going abroad is of great usein improving my oral English. Only in this way can I progress in Englishendlessly.

???Makeplans and go for what I want. And I believe when the challenge is coming, thehope is also around the corner.

?

2015年中考英语作文

Write at least 60 words on the topic “Iwant to invent _____”

(以“我想要发明________”为题,写一篇不少于60个词的短文,标点符号不占格)(注意:1、在答题纸上将题目补充完整。??

2、短文中不得出现任何人名、校名及其他相关信息,否则不予评分

The following is for reference only. (以下表达仅供参考)

? It can be used to…

? It will be exciting/necessary/helpful to…


Iwant to invent a flying car

It is not uncommon to meet traffic problems and serious air pollutionin big city. It is a must to have a plan to improve the serious condition.

I get an idea to design my own flying machine like a car which candrive well in the street as well as fly between the high rises to avoid thetraffic jam. What’s more, when it is moving, it can transform the motion energyinto electricity to drive the engine. Thus, it is possible to save a lot of fueland reduce the air pollution. It is of great use to solve the problems oftraffic jam and air pollution, and even save the natural resource.

Bright idea can only be achieved with the determination and courage.I believe my idea will turn a new leaf of future life.


Iwant to invent a time machine

As a student who is experiencing unprecedented modern life nowadays,I would rather learn about the history and the future life of human being froma real experience than learn from a textbook. That’s why if I can work as agreat inventor, inventing a time machine will be my first choice. The most importantusage of my time machine will be visiting one of best schools in Tang Dynasty.As we all know, Tang Dynasty is famous for its open-minded education.Therefore, when I visit the school of the ancient city, I can not only try differentways of studying but communicate with people from different countries as well.Using a time machine is the most vivid way to learn history as it is both arecord of mankind and a mirror of past, I am looking forward to the day when mytime machine comes out.


2016年中考英语作文

Write at least 60words on the topic“I’m ready”(以“我准备好了”为题,写一篇不少

于60个词的短文,标点符号不占格)

你对明天一定有着美好的憧憬.为此,你已经做好了哪方面的准备?请结合你的经历或特长

等,选取一个角度具体谈谈你是如何做准备的.

(注意:短文中不得出现任何人名、学校及其它相关信息,否则不予评分.)

independent??be good at…

responsible?? ?takepart in…

hardworking ??it helps me to…


I’mReady

I have always been longing for studying abroad, which is full ofchallenges as well as opportunities. Therefore, what I should do is to getready anytime.

As they say, chance favors the prepared mind. I always get myselfready both physically and mentally. First, I insist on taking exerciseregularly to build up my body. Besides, I spare no effort to learn English wellin order to integrate into the new environment as soon as possible. Last butnot least, it is necessary to cultivate a shinny optimistic attitude towardsdifficulties.

With great passion and determination, I amwell prepared and deeply convinced that a challenging but fulfilling study lifeis waiting for me. (115 words)


I amready

After working hard for so many years, I am ready for my senior highschool life.

The accumulation of all kinds of knowledge has already laid a solid foundationfor my further study. In my free time, I read a lot of books, which largelybroadens my horizon. What’ more, I take part in many activities and developmany hobbies. They both help me become more responsible and energetic thanbefore. I am really looking forward to my new high school life and I am really!


七、优秀作文


1、Trying To Help Others


Last Sunday, I went to market to go shopping. I saw a lot of peoplestanding in front of the supermarket when I was walking down the street.

I wondered what was happening there. I hurried to go there to take alook. I ran quickly. To my surprise, there was a girl sitting in the street.The girl with a school bag was about 17 years old. There was also a piece ofpaper in front of her. It said, “…my families don’t have enough money for me togo to school…”

I was very sad to see that. I couldn’t help giving some money to thegirl. The girl was very grateful to me. She said, “Thank you!” I was gladto do it. Then I went away with a smile.

That day I had a dream in the evening; I dreamt that I had a lot ofmoney. I did a lot of wonderful things. I helped the poor and the old.

After the dream,I know that we should be kind to others. If they are in trouble, we will try tohelp them out of trouble. Then we will feel very happy and we will thinkeverything is beautiful. Then we will have a nice life. Dear friends, try to bea kind person, the world will be nicer and nicer.


2、New Year


Chinese New Year is the most important, interesting festival inChina.

Before the Chinese New Year, everyone is very busy. They want theSpring Festival to be a new beginning, so everyone is busy cleaning the room.They keep the room tidy. This is the first thing to welcome the SpringFestival.

The elderly take children to buy snacks and fireworks. But parentsjust stay at home to make tasty meals for dinner. On the evening of New Year’s Eve, myparents and my sister have dinner with me. We have a good time. After dinner,Oh! Yeah! My father is ready to give us red pockets. Oh, how nice the red pocketsare! My sister and I both all say, “Peace all year round to my parents! Now,give us red pockets.” My parents give us the red pockets at once with a smileon their faces.

What a wonderful time we have!

I think “Everythinggoes well” this year!


3、Never Give Up-永不放弃


我的英语口语曾经很差,我以为我永远也学不好。新采的老师建议我每天大声朗读。可是开始时我无法读下去,不会的词太多。我都不想再学英语了。就在那时,有个声音告诉我:“不要放弃,加油!”于是我坚持每天朗读半个小时。现在我的口语进步了很多,我还在学校的英语演讲比赛中得过一等奖呢!


Never Give Up

My spoken English used to be very poor. I thought I could never makeany proGREss in it. A new English teacher suggested that I should read aloudevery day. But at the beginning, I could hardly go on. There were too many newwords. I didn't want to study English any more. Just then, a voice told me,"Never give up, come on! "Then I persisted in reading aloud for halfan hour every day. Now it is improved a lot. I have even won the first prize inour school's oral English contest.


4、日落-The Sunset


天已黄昏,太阳就要落山了。看,天空正在慢慢变暗,正在下山的太阳给大地洒下一片金色的余辉。不仅是天空和水面,就连我自己也变成金黄色的了。有几只白色的小鸟自由自在地飞翔在水面上,柳枝儿随着微风翩翩起舞。很快,太阳就隐藏在厚厚的云层里了。可我依然看得清日落后的迷人景象,它将永远留在我的脑海里。我爱日落。

Dusk is coming.It's time for the sunset. Look, the sky is getting dim gradually. The settingsun is covering the earth with golden rays. Not only the sky and water surfacebut also I myseff am turning into golden yellow. Several white birds are flyingfreely above the water. Willows are dancing in the breeze gracefully. Soon, thesun has buried itself in the thick clouds. But I still can see the beautifulscene in the sunset. It will be always in my mind. I love sunset.


5、Book-


书在我们的生活中起着很重要的作用。有时,一本好书可以改变我们的一生。我们能从书中学到很多知识。例如,我们从书中了解人生,了解生活,了解世界。看每一本书就像在跟一个好朋友交流。我们能从书中得到精神享受,它使我们快乐而充实。总之,书是我们生活中不可或缺的伴侣。

Book

Book is playing an important role in our everyday life. Sometimes, agood book can change one's whole life. We can get much knowledge from a book.For example, we understand life as well as the world from a book. Reading abook is just as if we are communicating with a good friend. It makes us happyand contented. In short, book is an essential companion in our life.


6、A Part-time Job-兼职


我们家在乡下,很穷。爸爸妈妈无法供我继续读书。但我热爱学习。最近老师给我找了一份兼职,在学校书店打工。起初,我做得不好,但渐渐地,经过自己的努力,我可以做得很好了。这样,我不但可以自己挣钱付学费,而且在空闲时还可以阅览大量我感兴趣的书。我下决心要努力学习。


A Part-time Job

I was born in a poor family. It's difficult for father and mother tosupport my study. In order to go on studying, I have to look for a part-timejob. Recently, my teacher helped me find a part-time job in a bookstore of theschool. At the beginning, I couldn't do well at all. But gradually, I had madeefforts to do a very good job. This means, I could not only support my studybut also had chances to read a great number of books I felt interested in at myspare time. I already made up my mind to work hard.


7、My Bedroom-我的卧室


我有一间虽然不大但很舒适整洁的卧室。卧室里有一张小床,一个书桌,一把椅子和一个小书架。书架靠近窗户,上面放的是我最爱看的书和一些古典音乐光盘。西面的墙上挂着一把小提琴,那是我的最爱,闲暇时我总是拉小提琴自娱自乐。

? I have a small butcomfortable and tidy bedroom. There are a single bed, a desk, a chair and a bookshelfin my bedroom. The bookshelf is near the window. I put all the books I lovebest and some classical music CDs on it. On the west wall there hangs a violin.It is my favorite. I usually play it to enjoy myself at my spare time.


8、It’s very kind of him-一个好人


One day i rode bike to school as usual. suddenly, there wassomething wrong with my bike. i tried my best to mend it,but i failed. i wasvery worried and didn't know what to do. just then an old man came and helpedme. a few minutes later, he mended the bike well. i was very glad and thankful,"thank you very much." but the man waved his hand and went away.


一天,我像往常一样骑车去上学。突然车子出了毛病。我尽力修理,它,还是没修好。我急得不知该怎么好了。这时一个老大爷走过来帮我,几分钟后车修好了。我又高兴,又感激,说:“谢谢您了。”他朝我挥了挥手走了。


On my way to school there was something wrong with my bike. whatshould i do? i would be late for class. i checked the bike again and again, buti didn't know what the matter was. i was so worried that i was wet all over.just then an old man came up to me. "what's the matter, young man?"he said, "let me help you." i was glad that my bike was mended a fewminutes later.

I didn't really know what i should say. i thanked him again andagain, he said with a smile, "it is my pleasure. we should help eachother." yes, we should help each other. when i see someone is in trouble,i will help him, too.


在上学的路上我的自行车出毛病了。我该怎么办?我上课就要迟到了。我看了又看,怎么也不知道问题在那里,急得我浑身都湿透了。这时一个老大爷过来了。“怎么啦?小伙予。”他说,“让我帮帮你。”让我高兴的是几分钟车就被修好了。

我真不知道该说什么好,只是一次又一次地感谢他。他笑着说:“这是我该做的。大家都应该互相帮助。”是啊,大家都应该互相帮助。我要是看见有人遇上困难,我也要去帮助他。


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